PHARMACOGNOSY DRUGS LIST

hi guyz  here we are presenting pharmacognosy drugs list for d pharmacy.here you will get all crude drugs with its synoname, uses,family ,chemical constituents.

 

VOLATILE OILS

A.UMBELLIFEROUS FRUITS-

NAMESYNONYMBIOLOGICAL SOURCE AND FAMILYACTIVE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTSUSES
1.dillEuropean dill,
Dill fruits,
anethum
Anethum graveolens linn-umbelliferaeDill-apiole, carvone, 2.4 to 4% volatile oils, 20% fixed oils and proteins, dihydrocarvone terpeneAromatic, stimulanr, carminative flavour.
2.fennelFennel fruits,
Frutus foeniculum
Foeniculum vulgare miller-umbelliferaeFenchene, anethal, ketone, phellandrene, limoneneFenchene, anethal, ketone, phellandrene, limoneneCarminative flavour, aromatic, stimulant, expectorant
3.coriaderCoriander fruitsCoriandrum sativum linn-umbelliferaeCoriandrol, coriadryl acetate, L-borneol, geraniol,pineneAromatic flavour, carminative, stimulant.
4.cumminjiraCuminum cyminum-umbelliferaeCuminaldehyde, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, phellandreneStimulant, carminative and used in aritime and dyspepsia
5.carawayCarum, caraway seedCarum carvi-umbelliferaeCarvone, carvacrolAromatic, stimulant, carminative flavour

B.ALCOHOL

6.peppermint oilMentha oil,
Oleum mentha
(piperites) piperita
Mentha piperita linn-labiataeMenthol, pulegone, menthone, menthofuramCarminative,
Stimulant,
Antiseptic and
Perfume
7.cardomomCardamom fruitsElettearia cardamomum-
zingiberacae
Alpha-terpineol,
Borneol, cineole.
Aromatic,
Carminative,
Stimulant.

C.ALDEHYDE VOLATILE OIL-

8.lemongrassEast-indian
Lemon grass oil,
Indian Melissa oil
Cymbopogon flexuausus or
Cymbopogon
Citratis- graminae
Citral, nerol,
Citronella,
Methyl neptanal
Flavour,
perfume
9.vanillinVanilla beans,
Vanilla pods
Dried pods of vanilla planifolia-
Orchidaceae
4-hydroxy,
3-methoxy
benzaldehyde
Analgesic,
Antibacterial,
Anti-helmenthic,
Flavouring agent,
Masking agent

D.KETONE VOLATILE OIL

10.spearmint
( mint oil)
Mentha
viridis
Mentha spicata-
labiatae
carvoneFlavouring agent

E.ESTER OF VOLATILE OILS

12.eucalyptus oilDinkum oil,
eucalyptus
Eucalyptus globulus-
myrtaceae
Cineole camphene,
phellandrene
Counter-irritant, antiseptic,
Expectorant, used in cough, chronic brochitis

F.ETHER VOLATILE OIL-

13.sandal woodEast Indian
Sandal wood oil
Santalam album-
Santalaceae
Alpha-beta-santalol, santene, santenone,teresantol,
Sandalone, santalene
Treatment of dysuria, used in perfume
14.jatamansiIndian spike nard, nardNardostachys jatamansi-
valerianaceae
Jatamanson
nardostachone
Sedative, diurectic, anti-spasmodic, emmunagogue,
Stomachic,
Stimulant,
Epilepsy,
Palpitation of heart.

G.MISCELLANEOUS

15.cinnamonKalmi-dalchini,
Cinnamon bark
Cinnamomum zeylanicum-
Lauraceae
Eugenol,
Benzaldehyde, cuminaldehyde
Carminative, stomachic, stimulant, flavour,aromatic, antiseptic and astringent
16.cloveClove-flower,
Clove-buds
Eugenia caryophyllus-
myrtaceae
Eugenol,
Ester eugenin
Dental analgesic,
Carminative,
Flavour,
Stimulant, aromatic and antiseptic
17.nutmegMyristicci
Nux-moschata
Myristica fragrans-
Myristicaceae
Myristicine, safrole, elemicinAromatic and flavour, stimulant, carminative and used in soap industry treat rheumatism
18.palmarosa oilRosha oil,
Geranium oil
Cymbopogon martini-
graminae
Geraniol,
Linalool, citronella dipentene
Flavours, treatment and rheumatism and skin diseases
  1. PHENYL PROPANOIDS-

1)bitter orange peelOrange cortexCitrus aurantium-
rutaceae
Hesperidin,
Isohesperidin, vit-c, neohesperidin, limonene, citral
Stomachic, aromatic, carminative,
flavour
2)lemon peelCortex limonisCitrus limonis-
rutaceae
Limonene, hesperidin, citral, geranyl acetate, terpineolCarminative,
stimulant

19.Citrus peel oil

21.primrose oil Oenothera biennis-
onagraceae
Gamma linoleic acid,
Lenolic acid
Nutritive and cosmetics
22.tea tree oilMelalenca oilMelaleuca alternifolia fam.
myrtaceae
1,6 cineole,
1 terpiene-4-ol
Flavouring agent,
Antiseptic

20.patchouli oil

23.amlaIndian goose berry
Emblica
Emblica officinalis
euphorbiaceae
Vit-c, phylleniblin,
tannins
Diurectics, laxative, ingredients of triphala avel chyavanprash
24.arjunaTerminalia arjuna
combretaceae
Ellagic acid,
Beta-sitosterol
Cardiotonic,
Hypotensive
25.behraBellaric mtrobalanTerminalia belerica
combretaceae
Gallic acid, chebulagic acid.Astringent, ingredients of triphala churna
26.hardamyrobalanTerminalia chebula
combretaceae
Chebulic acid, chebulagic acid, gallic acidAstringent, stomachic,
Purgative, ingredients of triphala churna
27.galls Guircus infectoria
eagaceae
Fallic acid and glucoseAstringent for mucous membrane
28.black catechucuteuAcacia catechu
leguminosae
Acacatechin,
quercetin
Astringent for boils, skin eruptrons, commercial purpose
29. pale catechugambierUncaria gambier
rubiaceae
Catechin, catechutannic acidAstringent for treatment of diarrhoea

TANNINS

30.colophonyColophonium resin,
Rosin, rosina
Pinus species
pinaiceae
Resin acids,
Abietic acid, resenes
Stimulant,
Diuretic.
31.benzoinLoban,
Sumtra benzoin
Styrax benzoin,
Styrose benzoin
Benzoic acid, cinnamic acid and their ester, sumaresinolic and siaresinolieExpectorant, carminative, antiseptic
32.asafoetidaDevils dung,
Gum asafoetida
hing
Ferula foetida
umbelliferae
Resin, gum, volatile oil, asaresinotannol ferulic acidCarminative,
Nervine stimulant,
Antispasmodic
33.boswlliaSallaki
kunduru
Boswellia serrata
burseraceae
Resin, boswellic acid, volatile oil,
sesquiterpenes
Rheumatoid arthritis

NATURAL RESINS-

34.turmericHaridra, haldi, Indian saffron, curcumaCurcuma longa
zingiberaceae
Curcumin,
curcuminoids
Anti-inflammatory,
Antiseptic
35.gingerzingiberZingiber officinale
zingiberaceae
Volatile oil,
Zingiberene,
Curcumene,
Resin, gingerol,
gingediols
Aromatic,
Carminative,
Flavouring agent,
In treatment of motion sickness

PREPARED RESIN

36.piccrohizaIndian gentianDried rhizome and picrorrhiza kurroa
scrophulariaceae
Picroside 1, kutkoside,
amarogentin
Bitter tonic,
Laxative,
Hepato protective
37.gentianGentiana rootDried roots and gentiana luteu
gentianaceae
Gentio picrin,
Gentioside,
Amaro gentin
Bitter tonic, stomachic
Sesquiterpenes and diteroenes
38.artemisia
Santomica,
Worm seed,
Nagona devana
Artemisia china,
A.brevifolia
a. aritime
compositae/Asteraceae
Santonin,
Artemisin
Cineole,
Pinene,
resin
Antihelmintic,
Cumulative in action
39.andrographisKalmegh,
Bui-nimb,
kiryat
Dried leaves and tendor shoot
Andrographis peniculata
acanthaceae
Bitter principle of andrographolide,
Bicyclic diterpnoid lactone
kalmeghin
Antibacterial
Organo Sulphur
40.allium cepa
Onion,Allium ascalonicum
amarylidaceae
Volatile oil, Sulphur containing compound, steroidsAntiallergic,
Antimicrobial,
Expectorant
41.allium sativaGarlic,
Lahsun,
lasun
Bulb allium sativum linn
liliaceae
Carbohydrates,
Protein,
Fat, mucilage,
Volatile oil
Carminative,
Expectorant,
Stimulant,
Disinfectant,
antibacterial
Benzoquinone
42.vidang
Bidang,
ambati
Fruits of embelia ribes
myisinaceae
Embelin, quircitol, ratty material, tannin, colouring matterAntihelmintics,
Astringents
Carminative
stimulant
Carotenoids
43.lutein
Xanthophyl luteinVegetable fruits
xanthophyllaceae
Refinitis pigmetosa
44.crocinSaffron,
Keshar,
kesar
Dried sigma and
Upper styles of crocus sativum linn
iridaceae
Crocin, crocetin,
Picrocin, volatile oil,
Colouring agent, flavouring agent, anti spasmodic. stimulant
Napthoquinones
45.henna
Lawsonla alba,
mehandi
Leaves of
Lawsonia inermis lam
lythraceae
Lawsone,
Gallic acid, resin, sugars, tannin
Antibacterial,
Antifungal
46.chitrakchitramolRoot of plumagazeylanica
plumbaginaceae
Plumbagin,
3 chloro plumagin,
Plumbagic acid
Antibacterial,
Antimicrobial,
Used in dysentery.

if any of these are not present you can comment and let is know,

 

 

 

Categories: Education

pharmamad

BOTH diploma completed in PHARMACY, Degree is in Process. hungry for knowledge, wanted our students be successful.wanted to share our knowledge about pharma as well as out of the box.

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