Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Notes
PHARMACY AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
During Vedic times, medical treatment was associated with religious services in INDIA.let’s know about the history of pharmacy and the health care system.
Hindu medicines (Ayurvedic medicines ) begin with Atharva Veda which contains a list of disease
With their symptoms in the form of incantation. Veda medicines cure most of the disease
In Vedic times physicians and surgeons lived in garden houses and cultivated the required medicinal plants.
There was no separate profession of medicine and pharmacy.
A physician prepared his own medicines.
Sometimes the family members of patients also were asked to prepare the remedies from medicinal plants.
Sushruta and Charaka are the two great names of Ayurveda. Charaka composed a book of information on ayurvedic medicines called Charaka Samhita which is still used in India.
When Muslims came and ruled India, they brought their Unani system of medicine.with the change in the pattern of society, both the system, Ayurvedic and Unani showed their considerable changes.
During the 18th century, the system of medicines was advanced with the time and came into existence the organization of hospital, then the hospital organization is working with the aim of attaining, maintaining, and promoting the health of the nation.
The allopathic system of medicine was introduced by the British when they ruled India.
In those days pharmacy education was started in India to train the professionals, some pharmaceutical associations are also formed.
With the developing trend in science and technology, as well as in the potent of drugs, pharmacist responsibility is increased to give the information to the prescriber and the patients regarding the use, side effects etc.of such drugs in the interest of public health.
Nowadays pharmacist is no longer regarded as a dispenser or compounder.
The dispensing pharmacy is gradually emerging in clinical pharmacy .so, many changes are required to be made in the concept of pharmacy. a pharmacist has to play an important consultative and management role.
He should be responsible for the planning and establishment of proper pharmacy services.
Important aspects of the health care system
1.education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of identifying preventing and controlling them.
2.promotion of food supply and proper nutrition.
3.prevention and control of locally epidemic disease.
4.provision of essential drugs.
5.appropriate treatment of common disease.
6.immunisation against major infections and diseases.
7.availability of health professionals.
8.national health care policy.
To achieve the goal, “health for all by 2000.A.D” necessary supporting pharmaceutical service is required to be extended and organized, which is possible only when pharmacy ultimately and the pharmacist has been accepted as an important member of the health care system.
The profession of pharmacy in our country presently consists of:
All the pharmacists working in different fields of the profession are directly or indirectly related to national health.
Community pharmacists and hospital pharmacists are the health professionals for the safe and effective use of drugs.
A pharmacist has special knowledge regarding the drugs, their therapeutic actions. as he has the information about the drugs he is very close to the prescriber or physicians.
Similarly, the dispensing compounding activities and his ability to give health-related information bring him close to the patients or the public.
He serves as a link between the physician and the patients.
Role of pharmacist in the areas such as
2.storage and distribution of drugs
5.information and education
7.research and development and many other healthy activities.
The pharmacist is responsible for ensuring that the right patient received the right medicine in the right dose for the right condition in the right dosage form and adds the right frequency, and hence he considered an integral part of the health care system.
The pharmacy council of India has reconsidered the pharmacy education(D. pharm)introduce new subjects such as health education and community pharmacy, the knowledge of which will definitely help the pharmacist contributing to the nation’s health.
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