November 13, 2019

PHARMACY AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Notes

CHAPTER -2nd

PHARMACY AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

During Vedic times, medical treatment was associated with religious services in INDIA.let’s know about the history of pharmacy and health care system.

Hindu medicines (Ayurvedic medicines ) begin with Atharva Veda which contains a list of disease
With their symptoms in the form of incantation. Veda medicines cure most of the disease
In Vedic times physicians and surgeons lived in garden houses and cultivated the required medicinal plants.

There was no separate profession of medicine and pharmacy.
A physician prepared his own medicines.

 

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Sometimes the family members of patients also were asked to prepare the remedies from medicinal plants.
Sushruta and Charaka are the two great names of Ayurveda. Charaka composed a book of information on ayurvedic medicines called Charaka Samhita which is still used in India.

When Muslim came and ruled India, they brought their Unani system of medicine.with the change in the pattern of society, both the system, Ayurvedic and Unani showed their considerable changes.

and

During the 18th century, the system of medicines was advanced with the time and came into existence the organization of hospital, then the hospital organization is working with the aim of attaining, maintaining, and promoting the health of the nation.

The allopathic system of medicine was introduced by the British when they ruled India.
In those days pharmacy education was started in India to train the professionals, some pharmaceutical associations are also formed.

With the developing trend in the science and technology, as well as in the potent of drugs, pharmacist responsibility is increased to give the information to the prescriber and the patients regarding the use, side effects etc.of such drugs in the interest of public health.

Nowadays pharmacist is no longer regarded as a dispenser or compounder.
The dispensing pharmacy is gradually emerging in clinical pharmacy .so, many changes are required to be made in the concept of pharmacy. a pharmacist has to play an important consultative and management role.

He should be responsible for the planning and establishment of proper pharmacy services.

Important aspects of the health care system

1.education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of identifying preventing and controlling them.

2.promotion of food supply and proper nutrition.

3.prevention and control of locally epidemic disease.

4.provision of essential drugs.

5.appropriate treatment of common disease.

6.immunisation against the major infections and diseases.

7.availability of health professionals.

8.national health care policy.

To achieve the goal, “health for all by 2000.A.D” necessary supporting pharmaceutical service is required to be extended and organized, which is possible only when pharmacy ultimately and the pharmacist has been accepted as an important member of the health care system.

The profession of pharmacy in our country presently consists of:

1.academic pharmacists
2.industrial pharmacist
3.hospital pharmacist
4.community pharmacists

All the pharmacist working in different fields of the profession are directly or indirectly related to nations health.

Community pharmacist and hospital pharmacists are the health professionals for the safe and effective use of drugs.

A pharmacist has special knowledge regarding the drugs, their therapeutic actions. as he has the information about the drugs he is very close to the prescriber or physicians.

Similarly, the dispensing compounding activities and his ability to give health-related information bring him close to the patients or the public.

He serves as a link between the physician and the patients.

Role of pharmacist in the areas such as
1.prescription adherence
2.storage and distribution of drugs
3.drug choice
4.drug monitoring
5.information and education
6.clinical pharmacokinetics
7.research and development and many other healthy activities.

The pharmacist is responsible for ensuring that the right patient received the right medicine in the right dose for the right condition in right dosage form and add right frequency, and hence he considered as an integral part of the health care system.

Pharmacy council of India has reconsidered the pharmacy education(D. pharm)introduce new subjects such as health education and community pharmacy, the knowledge of which will definitely help the pharmacist contributing to the nation’s health.

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