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Vitamins in simple words

VITAMINS

here we will discuss about vitamins in simple words

Vitamins may be defined as potent organic substances that are essential for normal growth and maintenance of life of the animal and including many which they are not able to synthesis or in adequate quantity.

everybody must eat some amount of vitamins to stay healthy.
vitamins may chemicals that may find in a very small amount in many different foods.
vitamins can be used in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body.
vitamins build up the resistance of the body against disease.

the disease which may be caused by the deficiency may present and cure by vitamins.
it helps in health protection.
it also helps in the maintenance of proper health and normal growth.
combination of many different vitamins may be called multivitamins.
the on may not take vitamins through diet so body requirement not fulfilled by diet so that time doctors may prescribe multivitamins depending on the patient’s condition which may contain different types of vitamins.
In women’s patients, during pregnancy, there is a lack of deficiency of vitamins and calcium in this condition treated by multivitamins.

vitamins may be classified as ;

vitamins classified on the basis of their solubility.

a) fat-soluble vitamins –
example- vitamin A, D, E, K
b) water-soluble vitamins-
example- vitamin c
fat-soluble vitamins;
1) are obtained from the -ionone ring-
vitamin A
2) are obtained from sterols/ steroids-
vitamin D
3) contain a roman ring-
vitamin E
4) contain naphthoquinones ring-

vitamin K
Water-soluble vitamins are the derivatives of endogenous polar substances like sugar, amino acids, purines, pyrimidines etc.
A) vitamins which contain nitrogen-
a) in the ring;- ex, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Folic acids, Pyridoxine, cyanocobalamin.
b) in an open chain- ex, para-aminobenzoic acids
B) the vitamins which are derived from sugars- ex, ascorbic acid, cristamine and inositol.

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS

-fat-soluble vitamins may
VITAMIN A
VITAMIN D
VITAMIN E
VITAMIN K
-A small amount of vitamins A, D,E,K may require for maintaining good health.
-excess amount of these types of vitamins may cause toxicity because it stores in the liver and adipose (tissues) when they are not used.
-stated vitamins may be d by body requirement.
-the food contains vitamins of fat-soluble vitamins that may not lose during they cooked.
-if we eat a normal diet of vitamin A,D,E,K which may not lead to toxicity.
– they stored longer periods in the body and generally increase the risk of toxicity so prevent continued use of fat-soluble vitamins.
-the patient may think vitamins may not produce toxicity but this may happen so before the use of any vitamins consult your dietician.

 

VITAMIN A

-vitamin A is the first fat-soluble vitamin identified by the collumannol Davis.
-it includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid and several provitamins A ,carotenoids.
-it is also called growth vitamin.
-vitamin A is essential for vision, the immune system, and reproduction.
-it also helps in the heart, lungs and other body organs work properly.
-it builds the immune system.
-prevent cancer.
-prevent urinary stones.
-and the 13-c is retinoic acid is used to treat acne vulgaris.
-vitamin A may treat deficiency symptoms like night blindness.
-the dosage form of vitamin A may available in the market as follows

a) concentrated vitamin A solution
b) concentrated vitamin A and vitamin D solution.
c) halibut liver oil capsule
d) vitamin A and vitamin D capsule
e) vitamin A capsule
-vitamin A deficiency ;
1) insomnia
2) acne
3) dry hair
4) night blindness
5) weight loss
-foods high in vitamin A
1) sweet potato
2) carrots
3) spinach
4) grapefruits
5) liver oil of fishes like halibut, cod, shark, other sources are milk, egg, carrot, mangoes, tomato, etc.

VITAMIN D

-deficiency in vitamin D may cause softening of bone, thin or also brittle bone.
-this condition in children known as rickets and in adults it is called osteoporosis
-calcium is mainly useful for strong bones and vitamin D may important role in the absorption of calcium.
-people suffering from vitamin D deficiency may calcium not absorb in bones and because of this bone softening or brittle may occur.
– vitamin D also called as calciferol.
-vitamin d3 called cholecalciferol. it is obtained from 7-dehydrochloresterol.
-most of the people suffering from osteoporosis due to vitamin D deficiency and calcium deficiency.
-vitamin D deficiency

1)depression ( schizophrenia)
2) asthma wheezing
3)coronary heart disease
4) type 1 diabetes
5) bone thickening
-source of vitamin D
1) cod liver oil,
2) halibut liver oil
3) yeast
4) butter
5) milk

OSTEOPOROSIS

Osteoporosis which literally means porous bone is a disease in which the density and quantity of bones are reduced as bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fracture is increased. the loss of bones occurs silently and progressively, often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs.
-pain in bone and fracture of a bone.
-backbone pain in women

-patients suffering from osteoporosis may take vitamin D rich foods that may be used to absorb calcium in bones.
– vitamin D almost often made when sunlight is absorbed by the skin.
-cholesterols convert into vitamin D when this happens.
-liver and kidney take vitamin D and transport to the body to help to create healthy cells.

VITAMIN K

-vitamin K is also called an antihaemorrhagic factor.
-it involves in coagulation of blood.
– vitamin K also called as phytomenadione( phytonadione)
-vitamin k is essential for the synthesis of certain types of protein that may need for the blood coagulation and for the control binding of calcium in bones and tissues.
-in children, bleeding problem occurs after birth due to vitamin K deficiency.
-vitamin K deficiency also occurs bleeding in the brain.

deficiency of vitamin K
1) Risk of osteoporosis
2) hemorrhage
-foods high in vitamin K
1) green apple
2) asparagus
3) cucumber
4) kiwi
5) limes

VITAMIN E

-vitamin E also is known as tocopherols
-it is found in many vegetable foods including vegetable oils, meats, eggs, fruits, vegetables.
-vitamin E has antioxidant activity.
-due to its antioxidant activity, it helps in maintaining hair growth.
-deficiency of vitamin E
1) Crohn’s disease
2) hair loss
3) short bowel syndrome
-it protects the body tissues from damage caused by a substance called free radical.
-foods high in vitamin E
1) nuts
2) seeds
3) Avacado
4) vegetable oils
5) kiwi
6) mango
7) spinach
8) olive oil
thank you for reading………………………………………………..

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