What Causes Migraines? What Are The Triggers?

migraines detail
  • What happens in migraine
  • Simple Tricks For Managing Migraines
  • What To Do When You Get A Migraine  
  • Foods That Can Trigger Migraines
  • Prevention of Migraine
  • Treatment of Migraine
  • Explore yourself
  • Symptoms of Migraine

If you suffer from migraines, you know that they can be debilitating and painful. But what causes migraines? A lot of people believe migraines are caused by changes in brain chemicals called neurotransmitters.

Some people think migraines are triggered by hormones, inflammation, or a lack of sleep. Others think that certain foods, such as chocolate or cheese, can trigger migraines.

When it comes to the causes of migraines, everyone’s got their own theory.

Migraines without headaches, also called silent migraines, can cause you to experience other migraine symptoms, but no pain. You may experience the same sensitivity to light and sound that is typical of a migraine.

What happens in migraine


In hemiplegic migraines, one side of the body can become weak, similar to a stroke. Migraine can feel like a throbbing or painful throbbing, which tends to be worse on either one or both sides of the head.

Migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or pulsating sensations on one or both sides of the head. With migraines, some people get something like a hangover where they feel tired and can’t think straight.

Migraine is a moderate to severe headache that is felt as a throbbing pain (1) on both sides of the head.

The headache phase of a seizure includes pain on one side or both heads that last for several hours to three days and can include nausea, vomiting, and photosensitivity, and noise.

How long it may occur and

  • Most migraine headaches last up to 4 hours, but severe ones can last longer than 3 days.
  • Migraine attacks can last for hours or even days and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your everyday activities. Migraines are often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light.
  • Some people only have migraines for a few days, others get them for years.
  • people with episodic migraines have fewer headaches per month than people with chronic migraines.
  • People with chronic migraine (high tension migraine) for three or more months have headaches for more than 15 days a month.

Some people have migraines at predictable times, such as during menstruation or at the weekend after a stressful workweek.

Most people with migraines have a common migraine, but they do not always have an aura. An important part of migraine diagnosis is to rule out other conditions that can cause symptoms.

Simple Tricks For Managing Migraines

Talk To Your Doctor. Giphy This is an important one. If you’re having migraines and you can’t figure out what’s causing them, get it checked out. “I would suggest that you go see your doctor and ask them, ‘Have you ever heard of any migraine condition that fits the symptoms I’m having? Tell me exactly what is a migraine and what are the types of migraines,’

What To Do When You Get A Migraine

If you’re someone who’s been experiencing migraines frequently or with a lot of severity, it might be time to have a chat with your doctor about the possibility of your migraines being connected to your food intake.

First of all, you’ll want to talk to your doctor about the triggers of migraines, which will give them a starting point for diagnosing a headache that might be related to a food issue.

“All of us experience the sensation of migraine in different ways, and we experience the duration, severity, and frequency of our migraine in different ways as well,

Foods That Can Trigger Migraines

Well, the good news is that you don’t have to avoid foods that trigger migraines. Instead, the only way to prevent migraines is to avoid triggers, such as sugary or oily foods, which can cause hormonal changes, says the Mayo Clinic.

“If you have a clear reason that you eat these foods, the best strategy is to cut down on them, and to try eating these foods less often,” advises the Mayo Clinic.

Foods that can cause migraines include chocolate, alcohol, cheese, wheat, chocolate, and eggs, which are not recommended for people with migraines, according to Live Strong.

Hormonal Changes “The most likely cause of migraines is a lack of hormonal regulation,”

Prevention of migraines

Understanding what causes migraines can help people avoid them, which is why there are so many theories out there.

Psychological stress. Stressful situations can trigger migraines. Stress in the form of emotional or physical isolation is also often thought to trigger migraines.

A 2017 study found that melatonin can help prevent migraine cluster headaches. Lifestyle adjustment can also help prevent certain types of headaches and migraines.

While there is no specific cure for headaches or migraines, lifestyle changes can help treat symptoms and prevent future episodes.

“This [is thought to be] because isolation can lead to physiological changes, such as headaches when we feel our emotions are overwhelming our physical energy,

Stressful situations can trigger migraines. Stress in the form of emotional or physical isolation is also often thought to trigger migraines.

Treatment of migraines

“Sometimes we treat the migraine itself and sometimes we treat the underlying cause.”

So what are the treatments for migraines?

  • Here’s what you should know: A Mediterranean diet is believed to help lessen migraines.
  • Applying ice to the head may help, although it’s not a proven cure.
  • Caffeine may help lessen symptoms of migraines.
  • Anti-seizure drugs (diazepam and topiramate) may be helpful. Corticosteroids may help ease the pain.
  • Seek emergency care if you are having continuous headaches, particularly in your back, face, or head.
  • Sometimes you need a chiropractic adjustment. Anticonvulsant drugs (lurasidone) may help control migraines.

Explore yourself

Write down things like the day and time of your headache or migraine, where to start, your environment and activities, when the symptoms start, and how long the pain lasts.

This information can help you and your doctor makes a plan to avoid your triggers and reduce your frequency of migraine headaches.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends immediately calling your doctor if

  1. your headache pattern changes,
  2. The treatment you are using stops working,
  3. your headache is more severe than before,
  4. you are lying or
  5. Have side effects from your medication (e.g., if you are taking a birth control pill and have migraines ).

You should call a doctor if you have difficulty with speech, vision, movement, paralysis, or loss of balance, even though you have never had these symptoms before a migraine attack.

Symptoms can include physical and sensory symptoms before a migraine episode begins.

Keeping a diary of these symptoms can help the person and their doctor recognize the migraine episode.

They can also serve as a warning sign and allow you to take acute medications before the headaches begin.

Symptoms of Migraine

Medical advice You should consult a GP if you have frequent or severe migraine symptoms.

  1. Migraine is a condition associated with severe and recurrent headaches and other symptoms.
  2. It is a common condition that affects one in five women and one in 15 men.
  3. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, speech difficulties, numbness or tingling, and sensitivity to light and noise.
  4. Find out about the different types of headaches and how you can tell if your headache is a migraine.
  5. Diagnosis of migraine headache is determined by clinical history, reported symptoms, and other causes.
  6. Other conditions that can cause symptoms similar to migraines include temporal arterial inflammation, cluster headaches, acute glaucoma, meningitis, and subarachnoid bleeding
  7. Migraine is a common neurological condition that can cause a variety of symptoms including throbbing, pulsating headaches on one or both sides of the head. Your migraine can be worse with physical activity, light, sound, or smell.


Migraine is a primary headache, meaning it is not caused by any other condition. A primary headache disorder has a clinical diagnosis, which means that a blood test or imaging study can diagnose it.

People with migraines have no increased risk of having or causing severe headaches. Those with stable headaches who meet the criteria for migraine do not receive neuroimaging to look for other intracranial diseases.

Migraine and Stroke

People who get a migraine aura have a tiny risk of stroke, about one in two people per 100,000.

Migraine is a risk factor for stroke, but strokes can also occur in people without migraines, and they do not always occur immediately after a migraine attack. If migraine and stroke occur simultaneously, no causal link can be established.

Some people have specific migraine symptoms that may be associated with a higher risk of stroke.

Some symptoms may be more conspicuous than other migraine symptoms that children and adolescents may experience.


Migraine vs. tension headache Migraine and tension headache are both common types of headache and have similar symptoms. Migraine is associated with many symptoms that are not associated with tension headaches. Migraine and tension headaches are both the most common types of headaches and often respond to the same treatments.

In some people, episodic migraines can become chronic, which can happen if they are not detected and treated. People with chronic migraines have more than 15 headaches per day, per month, over three or more months, and up to eight, including migraine characteristics (see below).

The probable migraine describes a condition that is characteristic of migraine, but for which there is not enough evidence, due to simultaneous medication or excessive consumption, to safely diagnose it as migraine.

Complications of migraine are described as migraine headaches, which are long and frequent and are accompanied by seizures and brain injuries. Retinal migraine involves migraine accompanied by blurred vision and temporary blindness in one or both eyes.

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Author: pharmamad

BOTH diploma completed in PHARMACY, Degree is in Process. hungry for knowledge, wanted our students be successful.wanted to share our knowledge about pharma as well as out of the box.

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